General Information – Biology MCQ Part 1

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biology mcq

Table of Contents

General Information – Biology MCQ

1. Who was the first scientist to use an instrumental for biological studies in 1665?
A. Robert Hooke
B Schwann
C Schleiden
D Virschaw

Explanation: Robert Hooke FRS (28 July [O.S. 18 July] 1635 – 3 March 1703) was an English natural philosopher, architect and polymath. His adult life comprised three distinct periods: as a scientific inquirer lacking money; achieving great wealth and standing through his reputation for hard work and scrupulous honesty following the great fire of 1666, but eventually becoming ill and party to jealous intellectual disputes. These issues may have contributed to his relative historical obscurity

2. The two German scientists who proposed the Cell Theory were
A Mendal and Darwin
B. Theodor schwann and Mattias Schleiden
C Virchow and Purkinje
D Porter and Palade

Explanation: In biology, cell theory is a scientific theory that describes the properties of cells. These cells are the basic unit of structure in all organisms and also the basic unit of reproduction. With continual improvements made to microscopes over time, magnification technology advanced enough to discover cells in the 17th century. This discovery is largely attributed to Robert Hooke and began the scientific study of cells, also known as cell biology. Over a century later, many debates about cells began amongst scientists. Most of these debates involved the nature of cellular regeneration and the idea of cells as a fundamental unit of life. Cell theory was eventually formulated in 1838. This is usually credited to Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann.

3. Which of the following cells helps in storing water and food materials?
A. Parenchyma cell
B Flame cell
C Nematoblast
D None of the given

4. In human body the longest cell is
A Liver cell
B Muscle cell
C Reproductive cell
D. Nerve cell

5. The cell that is concerned with excretion and Osmoregulation is
A. Flame cell
B Chromatophores
C Nematoblast
D None of the given

6. Nucleus was first discovered by
A Porter
B. Robert Brown
C Palade
D None of the Given options here

7. Vacuoles in plant cells are bounded by a definite membrane called
A Plasma membrane
B. Tonoplast
C Cell wall
D None of the given options

8. Which of the following organelles is known as the “POWER HOUSE” of the cell?
A Golgi Bodies
B Ribosomes
C. Mitochondria
D Centrosome

9. In the plant cells, Golgi complex is scattered in the cytoplasm in the form of small units called
A Lysosomes
B Peroxisomes
C. Dictyosomes
D Ribosomes

10. The plasma membrane in animal cell is composed of
A Cellulose
B Proteins
C. Lipids and Proteins
D Fats

11. Chromosomes are concerned with
A Respiration
B Assimilation
C Growth of the body
D. Transmission of hereditary characters

12. The smallest size of the cell which can be seen directly by the eye is
A One micron
B 10 micron
C. 100 micron
D 1000 micron

13. The division of nucleus is called
A. Karyokinesis
B Cytokinesis
C Meiosis
D The given options are not suitable with the given question

14. Which of the following act as soldiers in our body?
A. Leukocytes
B Erythrocytes
C Nerve cells
D Flame cells

15. The following cell organelle is responsible for cell respiration.
A Golgi body
B Lysosomes
C. Mitochondria
D None of the given here