What are the Branches of Biology? This topic covered on biology branches with description. Helpful QuickTime reviews for competitive examinations.

What is Biology?

How Many Types of Biology? The study of a living world is a special endeavour of humans. Humans are biological beings and are little different from other living organisms. Although several animals have curiosity, it is this feature that makes humans singularly different from other living organisms. we keep pets, nature plants, visit zoological and botanical gardens, climb mountain peaks or dive deep into the sea and undertake trekking in the forests to enjoy the serenity of wildness along with its vast living and non-living resources. All these activities reflect the innate attraction of humans to the natural world and their feeling of connectedness to living things. In fact, the scientific extension of human curiosity has given birth to the science of biology.

branches of Biology

In this topic, we have included the basic branches of Biology (Branches of Biology List) and its description. Those are very useful for all competitive examination on Characteristics of Living Organisms.

Branches of Biology:

  1. Cytology: The study of Cells
  2. Physiology: The study of the functioning of various organ systems
  3. Embryology: The study of the development of animals from unicellular to multicellular adult
  4. Ecology: The study of the relationship between organisms and environment. (Living Organisms and Their Surroundings)
  5. Paleontology: The study of Fossils
  6. Evolution: The study which deals with the development of highly organized species from lowly organized species by a gradual change
  7. Histology: The study of structure and function of tissues
  8. Genetics: The study of Heredity and variation in the organism. It deals with the inheritance of characters from parents to offspring.
  9. Biochemistry: Study of Chemical nature and sequence of biochemical reactions in organisms. The scope of Biochemistry.
  10. Molecular Biology: Study of biology at molecular level E.g.: Studies of biological molecules like DNA and RNA
  11. Genetic Engineering: It deals with the method of splitting (cutting) the useful genes from one organism and rearranging them in another organism in order to get desirable characters. It is also described by Recombinant DNA technology.
  12. Microbiology: Organisms which can be seen only through a microscope are called microbes and the study is called Microbiology. E.g.: Bacteria, Algae, and Fungi
  13. Anatomy: The study of internal structures of organisms
  14. Biotechnology: The Study of Application of modern biological techniques for the benefit of humanity.
  15. Plant Breeding: Study of improvement of cultivated varieties of crop plants
  16. Horticulture: Study of growing gardens and ornamental plants.
  17. Taxonomy : The study and classification of Plants and Animals
  18. Lithology : The study of Fishes
  19. Batrachology : The study of Frogs
  20. Herpetology : The study of reptiles
  21. Saurology : The study of Lizards
  22. Ophiology : The study of snakes
  23. Ornithology: The study of Birds
  24. Anthropology : The study of Man
  25. Protozoology: The study of unicellular organisms
  26. Mammology: The study of mammals
  27. Nematology : The study of Nematodes
  28. Helminthology : The study of helminth organisms
  29. Entomology : The study of Insects
  30. Myrmecology: The study of Ants
  31. Malacology : The study of Molluscans
  32. Conchology : The study of shells
  33. Ethology : the study of the behaviour of animals
  34. Limnology: The study of freshwater organisms
  35. Parasitology : the study of parasites
  36. Virology: The study of Virus
  37. Dermatology: The study of Skin
  38. Gynecology: The study of female reproductive organs
  39. Odontology: The study of Teeth
  40. Phrenology: The study of Skull
  41. Enzymology : The study of Enzymes
  42. Osteology : The study of Bones
  43. Otorhinolaryngology : The study of ear, nose and throat
  44. Opthalmology : The study of eyes
  45. Urology : the study of Excretory organs
  46. Neurology : The study of the nervous system
  47. Cardiology : The study of heart
  48. Hematology : The study of Blood
  49. Angiology: The study of blood vessels
  50. Serology : The study of antibodies and antigens
  51. Toxicology : The study of poison substances on organisms
  52. Radiology : The study of radioactive substances
  53. Endocrinology : The study of endocrine glands and their secretions
  54. Pleurology : The study of lungs
  55. Aerobiology: The study of a living organism in air
  56. Eugenics: The study of improvement of human characters by applying the laws of heredity
  57. Euthenics: The study of the effect of environment on human beings
  58. Animal husbandry: Science dealing with the culture of fishes
  59. Pisciculture: The study of dealing with the culture of fishes
  60. Apiculture: The culture of honeybees
  61. Aquaculture: The study of Water organisms culture
  62. Poultry: The study of rearing of hens, chicks, ducks etc.
  63. Morphology: It deals with form and structure of various plant organs. If it deals with external characters like roots, stem, leaves, fruits etc. It is described as External morphology. If it deals with the internal structure of various organs, it is known as internal morphology. There are three branches of internal morphology.
    1. Cytology: Study of different cell organelles and their function
    2. Histology: It deals with the study of tissues and tissue systems. A group of cells similar in origin and function is called tissue.
    3. Anatomy: Study of the internal structure of organs like root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit, and seed.
  64. Virology: Study of Viruses
  65. Pharmacology: The study of the effect of drugs

The above given all are included in Branches of Biology.