What are the Enzymes involved in DNA Replication?
A fundamental property of living organisms is their ability to reproduce. Bacteria and fungi can divide to produce daughter cells that are identical to the parental cells. Sexually reproducing organisms produce offspring that are similar to themselves. This article covers Enzymes involved in DNA Replication. On a cellular level, this reproduction occurs by mitosis, the process by which a single parental cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells.
- The Cell – Structure, and Functions (Synopsis Points)
- Structure of Cell Membrane: Basic Guide for Students
In the germline of sexually reproducing organisms, a parental cell with a diploid genome produces four germ cells with a haploid genome via a specialized process called “Meiosis“. In both of these processes, the genetic material must be duplicated prior to cell division so that the daughter cells receive a full complement of the genetic information. Thus accurate and complete replication of the DNA is essential to the ability of a cell organism to reproduce. This is the special and complete guide of Enzymes involved in DNA Replication.
In the remaining sections of the chapter, we focus on the enzymes that mediate DNA replication. In these descriptions, you will encounter several cases of structure suggesting a particular function. We will point out parallels and homologies between bacterial and eukaryotic DNA replication components. This chapter covers the basic process and enzymology of DNA synthesis, and the next chapter will cover regulation of DNA replication.
Replication means “Synthesis of daughter nucleic acid molecules identical to the parental nucleic acids”. In the replication, nucleic acids will be double by the Enzymes involved in DNA Replication.
Enzymes involved in DNA Replication
This is the list of Enzymes involved in DNA Replication. Let us discuss in detail…
- Single-Stranded Binding Protein (SSBP)
- DNA Helicases
- DNA primase
- DNA Ligase
- DNA polymerases
- Eukaryotic DNA Polymerase
- Prokaryotic DNA Polymerase
In this chapter (Enzymes involved in DNA Replication) and the next, we will examine the process of replication. After describing the basic mechanism of DNA replication, we discuss the various techniques researchers have used to achieve a complete understanding of replication. Indeed, a theme of this chapter is the combination of genetic and biochemical approaches that has allowed us to uncover the mechanism and physiology of DNA replication.