What are the branches of life sciences and their meanings?
The different branches of Life sciences are available. In that Biology is one of the branches. Biology can be divided into two main subjects: Botany (the study of plants) and Zoology (the study of animals), but this separation is not clear cut. Life sciences are the group of advanced biology. Taxonomy (Systematics) involves classification of organisms. Morphology is concerned with the size and form of whole organisms and their organs and the spatial relationships of the parts of the body to each other.
Histology is the study of the types of cells present in the body whereas cytology deals with the minute’s structure within the cell. Embryology is the study of the development of organisms and physiology involves all the life processes and the functions of different organs and tissues. Ecology deals with the relationship of organisms to one another and to their environment. Genetics is the branch of biology devoted to the study of inheritance and paleontology deals with fossil organisms.
Basic Branches of Life Sciences and its Classification:
In Life Sciences, Plants can be classified as follows:
The basic definition of life science is the scientific study of living organisms such as microorganisms, plants, animal and human beings. This is the centerpiece of the advanced life sciences like technological advances in Molecular biology and biotechnology.
The life sciences focus on a specific type of life like Zoology (Study of animals), Botany (Study of plants). It also focuses on common aspects to all life forms like Anatomy and Genetics. Here the advanced technological studies like Bio-engineering are also included. Simply the life sciences involve understanding the mind-neuroscience.
Medicine and its Related Branches:
Another list of life sciences branches in Medicine and its related categories
Medicine is the basic applied science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. It is related to health and prevention methodologies of illness. Here are some more branches of life sciences in Medical Sciences.
- Anesthesiology: The branch of medicine that deals with life support and anesthesia during surgery.
- Cardiology: The branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the heart and the blood vessels.
- Dermatology: The branch of medicine that deals with the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases.
- Endocrinology: The branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the endocrine system.
- Gastroenterology: The branch of medicine that deals with the study and care of the digestive system.
- Gynecology: The branch of medicine that deals with the health of the female reproductive systems and the breasts.
- Hematology: The branch of medicine that deals with the blood and the circulatory system.
- Hepatology: The branch of medicine that deals with the liver, gallbladder and the biliary system.
- Neurology: The branch of medicine that deals with the brain and the nervous system.
- Nephrology: The branch of medicine which deals with the kidneys.
- Oncology: It is the branch of medicine that studies of cancer.
- Ophthalmology: The branch of medicine that deals with the eyes.
- Otolaryngology: The branch of medicine that deals the ears, nose, and throat (ENT).
- Pathology: The study of diseases, and the causes, processes, nature, and development of disease
- Pediatrics: The branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of children.
- Pharmacology: The study and practical application of preparation, use, and effects of drugs and synthetic medicines
- Pulmonology: The branch of medicine that deals with the respiratory system.
- Psychiatry: The branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
- Radiology: The branch of medicine that employs medical imaging to diagnose and treat disease.
- Rheumatology: The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases.
- Surgery: The branch of medicine that uses operative techniques to investigate or treat both disease and injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.
- Urology: The branch of medicine that deals with the urinary system and the male reproductive system.
- Veterinary medicine: The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, disorder, and injury in non-human animals.