Tag Archives: Nucleic acids

Nucleic Acids : Basics and Types

Nucleic Acids Structures

Nucleic acids are polymers composed of monomer units known as nucleotides. There are very few different types of nucleotides. The main functions of nucleotides are information storage (DNA), protein synthesis (RNA), and energy transfers (ATP and NAD). Nucleotides, shown in Figure 1, consist of sugar, a nitrogenous base, and phosphate. …

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What is the basic bioSynthesis of Deoxyribonucleotides?

synthesis of Deoxyribonucleotides

The normal cell consists of 5 to 10 times as much RNA (mRNAs, rRNAs and also tRNAs) as DNA. For that reason, most of the nucleotide biosynthesis has as its objective the manufacturing of rNTPs. Nonetheless, since multiplying cells should reproduce their genomes, the manufacturing of dNTPs is likewise needed. …

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